Wild Life Protection


Project Description:

Snake-bites are well-known medical emergencies in many parts of the world, especially in rural areas. Agricultural workers and children are the most affected. The incidence of snake-bite mortality is particularly high in South-East Asia. Snake-bite is an environmental, occupational and climatic hazard in rural and urban areas of many countries of the South-East Asia Region of the WHO. Attention to the recommendations for community education might reduce the risk of bites. Snakes have adapted to a wide range of habitats and prey species. All snakes are 

Snakes are Friends. Know Them Better!

predatory carnivores; none is vegetarian although some eat eggs. Since snakes are preyed upon by other animals, they tend to be secretive and have evolved many survival strategies. By understanding something about the habits of snakes, simple precautions can be adopted to reduce the chance of encounters and consequently bites. One must know the local snakes, the sort of places where they prefer to live and hide, the time of year and time of day or night and the kind of weather when they are most likely to be actively out and about. Many species are mainly nocturnal (night hunters) e.g. kraits, but other species are mainly diurnal (day-time hunters). Be especially vigilant about snake-bites after rains, during flooding, at harvest time and at night. Snakes prefer not to confront large animals such as humans so give them the chance to slither away.

The above recommendations for preventing snake-bite can be disseminated for national or local use as guidelines, training modules, leaflets, video clips and posters that can be displayed on the walls of Pachayat Bhawan, Library, hospital and clinic waiting areas for the attention of patients and their families. At the village level, community meeting and puppet shows have been used successfully to portray awareness  for snake protection and snake-bite scenarios. Media such as radio and TV can be used for health promotion and advantage can be taken of FM radio phone-ins to publicise the problem. Increasingly, young people and advertisers use mobile phones and social networking (YouTube, Twitter) to communicate information. Religious organizations and charities such as NGOs might be persuaded to promote snake protection and snake-bite awareness. It is especially valuable to win the support of high profile media figures to spread awareness for the same.

Snakes & Ecosystem:

Snakes make up a significant proportion of the middle-order predators that keep our natural ecosystems working. Without them the numbers of prey species would increase to unnatural levels and the predators that eat snakes struggle to find food.

The feeding habits of snakes act as a natural form of pest control. 
Snakes are predators and feed on a variety of creatures. Small snakes feed on many harmful bugs and insects. Larger ones eat mice, rats, and other small mammals that can destroy crops or damage personal property. Snakes tend to control rodent populations in particular. 
Without snakes, we would be completely overrun by these nuisance rodents. 

Snakes as Prey:
 They serve as a food source for larger predators such as hawks, owls, herons, and carnivorous mammals such as bobcats. Some snakes consume other snakes if given the opportunity. Immune to the poisonous venom, king snakes will readily make a meal of a rattlesnake that they might encounter.
Snakes are a key component in the balance of nature. Their presence or removal from an area directly impacts the health of an ecosystem. 

So we can say that snakes are our friends and we have to know them better and to protect them and to protect our self.

Target Group:-  

Project will be targeting the common person like farmers, labors and school teachers and students of villages for awareness training. They are the people who are at the receiving end and they can impart training to other local accordingly.

Target Area:-

This awareness programme will be held at in the state of Bihar in different phases.

Phase 1: Kosi Area (Priority in Flood Zone)

Phase 2: North Bihar (Area between Ganga and Kosi)

Phase 3: South Bihar

Awareness Methodology:-

General community meeting for awareness will be held in village panchayat bhawan or any common area and schools after discussion with local authority like Mukhiya, Sarpanch after proper mobilisation.

School Children will be targeted through specific programme as they are the most affected section of society. This should include the importance of snakes in the ecosystem, what to do if a snake is encountered and proper method of first aid and rapid transport to hospital to save the life if snake bite is encountered. 

Banner, Poster and Audio Visual Aids will be used for training and leaflet/pamphlet will be distributed among villagers for snake protection.

Training Schedule:

Awareness training sessions of three hours each will be held at decided venue to impart awareness and snake bite management. Session will be divided into theory and practical. Technical team will train villagers to protect them from snake if encountered, not to harm the snake and differentiate between venomous and non venomous snake, role of snake in our ecosystem and first aid method if snake-bite happens.

Awareness Material: ppt attached.


Financial Breakup for Snakes are Friends, Know Them Betters! Campaign (Bihar)India





Amount ( Rs.)


Banner -2piece – Size 6*3 Banner ( Separate Banner for each programme clearly indicating name of …….with logo , place and date)



Audio Sound system



Projector, Laptop hiring



LEAFLETS, Booklets, Standay  etc



Travelling & conveyance



Contingencies/ Miscellaneous



Resource Person Honourarium


                                                                                                  TOTAL COST


Note :-1 Team will be visited 2 Villages in a day